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UNFCCC COP: Science-Policy Exchange on 2030 AGENDA AND PARIS AGREEMENT

The Conferences of the Parties (COPs) to the UNFCCC are important annual events to discuss achievements in adaptation to and mitigation of climate change. In 2015, 183 countries and states ratfied the Paris Agreement and thus agreed to limit global warming to 1.5 or to a maximum of 2°C above pre-industrial levels. To make this happen, they are going to transform their development trajectories towards more sustainability and to make finance flows consistent with pathways of low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development. 

 

During the upcoming COP24, taking place from 3-14 December 2018 in Katowice (Poland), many high-level events such as Talanoa style discussions will be held to exchange about the contributions and measures of countries, cities and regions on CO2 emissions reduction. However, no mechanism to examine the contributions are in place so far. At the moment, the reports on nationally determined contributions (NDCs) are the only way to embody efforts by each country to reduce national emissions and to adapt to the impacts of climate change. These reports are on a voluntary basis. COP24 is expected to finalize the rules for implementation of the Paris Agreement and how to reach the goals. COP24 could also show why it is important to go beyond the goals of the Paris Agreement and enhance the ambition by strengthen the linkage with the goals of 2030 Agenda.

 

How science can contribute?

The official political negotiations between the parties to the UNFCCC are accompanied by various events, in which representatives of different sectors from around the world share the current state of knowledge and possible pathways for climate change mitigation and adaptation. 

At COP23, the German Committee Future Earth and its partners (e.g. IAI, DIE, Future Earth, WCRP) organised several events that discussed scientific perspectives varying from disciplinary insights to broader visions on sustainable pathways globally.

In advance to COP24, the UNFCCC invited the IPCC, the science-policy interface for climate related issues established by WMO (and WCRP) and UNEP in 1988, to prepare a special report that assesses the impacts and related pathways of 1.5°C of global warming. 

  • What would be required to limit warming to 1.5°C (mitigation pathways).
  • The impacts of 1.5°C of warming, compared to 2°C and higher.
  • Strengthening the global response to climate change (mitigation and adaptation options). 

SR15 is framed in the context of the SDGs of the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and connects climate change issues with sustainable development. The efforts to eradicate poverty are discussed throughout the special report and in particular in chapter 5. One of the headline statements of SR15 is “Mitigation options consistent with 1.5°C pathways are associated with multiple synergies and trade-offs across the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). While the total number of possible synergies exceeds the number of trade-offs, their net effect will depend on the pace and magnitude of changes, the composition of the mitigation portfolio and the management of the transition (high confidence).”

 

COP24 5

 

UNFCCC side event COP24 "From science to policy: achieving the SDGs in a 1.5 degree warmer world"

At a UNFCCC side event of COP24, the German Committee Future Earth and the Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research will share knowledge about how to communicate, mitigate and reduce the risks of climate change to ecosystems and human well-being. The event will thus highlight cooperative actions necessary to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement & 2030 Agenda. 

When: Tuesday, 4th December 2018, 13:15-14:45

Where: COP24 (Katowice, Poland), Room Wisla

Speaker list: Daniela Jacob (German Committee Future Earth / IPCC), Thelma Krug (IPCC), Xiaohua Zhang (UNOSSC), Jean-Pascal van Ypersele (GSDR), Douglas Leys (Green Climate Fund), Luis Alfonso de Alba (Special Envoy for the UN 2019 Climate Summit).

Organised and moderated by: Inter-American Institute for Global Change Research (Ione Anderson) & German Committee Future Earth/DFG (Bettina Schmalzbauer)

katowice

 

Download:

COP24 Flyer

Download Flyer COP24

 

 

See also:

IISD News: COP24 Tuesday 4.12.2018

UNFCCC COP24: official website, Side Event Webcast Page 

WMO note on "Understanding SR15"

IPCC Special Report of global warming of 1.5°C (full report, headline statements)

IPCC Germany: Deutsche Übersetzung der Hauptaussagen von SR15

UNFCCC COP23: activities of German Committee Future Earth

 

Related topics:

DLR Brief "Towards a virtual collaboration platform for inter- and transdisciplinary research"

Report "The contribution of Science in implementing the SDGs"

Dialogue "Science in Society"

 

Contact for inquiries:

J. Lundershausen , Secretariat German Committee Future Earth

updated, 5.12.2018
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